Monday, June 29, 2015

Top 15 London Attractions

Top 15 London Attractions:

1. British Museum:

 

Established: 1753
Location: Great Russell Street, London, United Kingdom
Collection size: approx. 8 million objects
Visitors: 6,701,043 (2014)
Ranked 1st nationally
Ranked 4th globally

2. Tower of London:

 

Location: London Borough of Tower Hamlets, London, England
Area:
Castle: 12 acres
Tower Liberties: 6 acres
Height: Peak of White Tower: 27 m
Built White Tower: 1078
Inner Ward: 1190s
Rebuild: 1285
Wharf Expansion: 1377–1399
Visitors: 2,444,296 (2012)

3. Hyde Park:

 

 

Type: Public park
Location: Westminster in London, England
Area: 625 acres (2.53 km²): Hyde Park 350 acres (1.42 km²) + Kensington Gardens 275 acres (1.11 km²)
Created: 1637
Operated by The Royal Parks

4. Tower Bridge:

Carries: A100 Tower Bridge Road
Crosses: River Thames
Maintained by     Bridge House Estates
Heritage status     Grade I listed structure
Preceded by:London Bridge
Followed by: Queen Elizabeth II Bridge
Characteristics:
Design:    Bascule bridge
Total length: 801 feet (244 m)
Height:    213 feet (65 m)
Longest span: 200 feet (61 m)
Clearance below: 8.6 metres (28 ft) (closed), 42.5 metres (139 ft) (open)
(mean high water spring tide)
Opened: 30 June 1894

5. Westminster Abbey:

 

Location: City of Westminster, London, England
Built: 10th century
Architectural style: Gothic
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name: Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church
Type: Cultural
Country: United Kingdom

6. National Gallery:

 



The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in Central London.
Established: 1824
Location: Trafalgar Square, Central London, United Kingdom
Visitors: 6,031,574 (2013)

 

7. Buckingham Palace:

 



Buckingham Palace is the London residence of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster.Buckingham Palace was built in 1703 as Buckingham House, for the Duke of Buckingham. King George III bought it in 1761. It became the Sovereign's official London residence with the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837.

8. The London Eye:

 



Status:  Complete
Type: Ferris wheel
Location: South Bank of the River Thames, London Borough of Lambeth, UK
Completed: March 2000
Opening: 31 December 1999 (testing, without passengers)
1 February 2000 (first passengers carried)
9 March 2000 (opened to general public)
Cost: £70 million
Height: 135 metres (443 ft)
Dimensions:
Diameter: 120 metres (394 ft)
Architect: Frank Anatole, Nic Bailey, Julia Barfield, Steve Chilton, Malcolm Cook, David Marks, Mark Sparrowhawk
Architecture firm: Marks Barfield Architects
Engineer: Arup

9.  Tate Modern:

 




Tate Modern is a modern art gallery located in London.
Established: 2000
Location: Bankside, London SE1, England, United Kingdom
Visitors: 4,884,939 (2013)

10. Victoria and Albert Museum:

 

 



Established: 1852
Location: Cromwell Gardens, South Kensington, London, United Kingdom
Collection size: 4.6 million objects
Visitors: 3,290,500 (2013)


11. Windsor Castle:

 

 

  

Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
Type: Three bailey wards with a central round keep
Owner: The Occupied Royal Palaces Estate
Operator:The Royal Household
In use: late 11th century to present
Materials: Bagshot Heath stone
Events:    First Barons' War, English Civil War


12. Somerset House:

 




Architectural style: Neoclassical
Location: Strand, City of Westminster, London
Country: United Kingdom
Construction started: 1776
Cost: £462,323 (1801)
Landlord: Somerset House Trust
Architect: Sir William Chambers
Designations: Grade I listed building



13.  St Paul's Cathedral:

 




Location: City of London
Country: United Kingdom
Denomination: Church of England
Consecrated: 1708
Architect(s): Sir Christopher Wren
Style: English Baroque
Years built: 1675–1720
Length:    518ft (158m)
Nave width: 121ft (37m)
Width across transepts:    246ft (75m)
Height:    365ft (111m)
Dome height (outer): 278ft (85m)
Dome height (inner): 225ft (68m)
Dome diameter (outer):112ft (34m)
Dome diameter (inner): 102ft (31m)
Number of towers: 2
Tower height: 221ft (67m)


14. Alexandra Palace:





Alexandra Palace is a historic entertainment venue in Alexandra Park, London.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Owner:Haringey London Borough Council
Operator: Alexandra Park and Palace Charitable Trust
Opened: 24 May 1873; (original structure),1 May 1875; (current structure)



15. The Shard:







The Shard is a 95-storey skyscraper in Southwark, London.
Status:    Complete
Architectural style:   Neo-Futurism
Location: 32 London Bridge Street,London,SE1 9SG
Construction started: March 2009
Completed: July 2012
Opening: 1 February 2013
Cos: £435 million (contract cost only)
Owner: State of Qatar (95%)
Sellar Property Group (5%)
Height:
Architectural: 309.6 m (1,016 ft)
Observatory: 244.3 m (802 ft)
Floor count: 95
Floor area: 110,000 m2 (1,200,000 sq ft)
Lifts/elevators: 44